Not everyone can cross the liftbridge or walk the tunnel
Can you? Afraid of heights? Afraid of the dark? Be bold and cross this liftbridge, enter the tunnel.
If you do, you will say, “Wow.” Everybody does. It’s more than you expect, but it won’t last –time is taking its toll.
What you’re missing
The Fairview Lift Bridge and Cartwright tunnel sit barely on the North Dakota side of the ND/MT border. These one-of-a-kind visitor sites are huge monstrosities. They’re known as North Dakota’s only lift bridge and only railroad tunnel. Sadly, the east end of the tunnel is collapsing. Will it be sealed off for safety – after 85 years of standing solid?
The two transportation oddities are about an hour southwest of Williston (50 miles). They are historical tributes to the hard work of settling the region and connecting it to the world.
Drive through Sundheim Park, and up a ramp to the parking area. From there, walk across the bridge. It is safe. It’s fenced in with pedestrian decking and benches along the way to sit and watch the Yellowstone River 100 feet below before it joins the Missouri River a few miles north.
Overhead are the counterweights and lift system rising 108 feet above. They allowed the bridge to raise for passing steamboats – but it never happened.
Starting in 1913 and finished a year later, local workers built the bridge as a dual purpose bridge for both rail and auto. It cost $500,000 and was the most expensive section of the rail line connecting New Rockford, North Dakota with Lewistown, Montana.
Cars AND Trains
It’s only one lane for both trains and cars. That means, for drivers, it was scary to cross the bridge; drivers hoped a train was not headed toward their way.
A watchman stationed at the bridge helped prevent trains and automobiles from colliding. Apparently, his work was successful. We found no instances of any collisions, though many people have written to us to tell us of the time they were riding with their dad who had to suddenly back up to avoid a collision.
The Great Northern charged a toll for cars using the bridge until 1937 when the state highway department assumed responsibility. The lift allowed steamboats to use the river, but it was used only once after completed, as a test in 1931. The government shut down riverboat traffic on the river that year so the lift was not needed.
What was it like crossing the liftbridge?
Here’s how one historian tells the story of a “leverman,” or “watchman” of the liftbridge:
Don Tank, 79, Minot, worked on the bridge as a “leverman” in the 1950s. “Levermen controlled the highway traffic,” said Tank. “I worked just one summer for a couple of months. It was the lowest paid job in the division. Levermen were supposed to control the highway gates on the bridge so cars wouldn’t run into the trains, but most of the time they were just left open. The locals knew the timing of the trains anyway.”
According to Tank:
“Passenger trains crossed the bridge once each day and freight trains once every other day. Other than at those times, automobiles could cross the bridge on planks laid near the ties. There was a hand-cranked telephone in the leverman’s hut that was wired to the depot at Cartwright about 1 1/2 miles east of the tunnel and also Fairview to the west. The phone was used to alert the leverman when a train was approaching from either direction. A second phone was placed at the west end of the bridge. That phone was to be used by motorists to alert the leverman that they wished to cross the bridge.
“I remember one time, it was a Sunday, and dad and I was going hunting. I was maybe six or seven years old,” recalled Tank. “The gate was locked and nobody was working so dad got some wrenches out and removed the bolts on the gate and we went across anyway.” Tank said working and waiting for a train or motorcar was lonely and boring work. “I remember one old guy who did that. He spent the daytime sharpening saws and made good money. It worked out pretty good for him,” said Tank.
Lift Bridge is replaced
The state built an automobile bridge a few yards downstream so the dual-purpose of the bridge was no longer needed for cars after 1955. During the great railroad withdrawal from North Dakota in the mid-1980s BNSF shut down the line, bridge and tunnel. Later it was listed on the National Historic Registry and opened to the public as a visitor attraction.
North Dakota’s only railroad tunnel is about 300 feet east of the bridge. Carved by hand in the rock of the Badlands, area farmers, ranchers, and workers blasted and chipped their way through the hill, carting the rock out of the tunnel by mule cart. A special train hauled much of the dirt and rock to Watford City for their “buried trestle” project west of town.
Experience the tunnel
A slight bend in the tunnel prevents people from seeing the opposite end when they enter. Stop for a moment in the middle, absorb the immense size of the cavern; it’s tall enough for large trains and a quarter-mile long. It gets completely dark in the center. As a result, your cell phone becomes a flashlight. The flapping birds you hear as you approach the east end are pigeons.
Vandals and natural forces left their destruction on the east end of the tunnel. It is collapsing, so act fast. In years past, the North Dakota National Guard repaired the tunnel as needed. That probably will not happen now.
This repair is greater than what was done in the past and could cost more than a half-million dollars. So, if money is not available and repairs are not made, the ends will be sealed, or the tunnel will be imploded. However, a local vocational education team is designing cost-effective ways to repair the tunnel.
Friends of the Lift Bridge
The Friends of the Bridge and Roy Trumpower in Fairview, conduct tours to explain the significance of hidden trestles on the west end, the workings of the lift section, and the structure of the tunnel.
You can’t have just one!
The Snowden or Nohly lift bridge is an equally impressive bridge, about 15 miles away. It crosses the Missouri River near the ghost town of Mondak. That’s why it’s called the Snowden bridge because there once was a little burg called Snowden at the end of the bridge. It’s gone, too.
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